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Regulations of construction in Turkey

معلومات عن البناء في تركيا
Regulations of construction in Turkey

Regulations of construction in Turkey

The Turkish construction law regulates the issue of real estate construction in Turkey and exceeds the controls and requirements that regulate this process, and construction work cannot be carried out on any piece of land, but this land must be included within the reconstruction plan or construction organization and hold a construction status document that includes all private information The document must be issued by the concerned municipality, and the architectural status of the plot of land to be built on must be checked, as it must be registered under the “house” field.

  • In cases of unorganized lands in the countryside, it is possible to build within them, but under specific conditions stipulated by the Turkish Building Law:

  • In the first place, the aesthetic and health issue must be taken into account within the regulatory sector, and this construction should not cause any problems affecting this sector.

  • The building share shall not exceed 5% of the surface of the regulatory sector in which it is located.

  • The height of the building shall not be more than 6.5 meters above its floor level.

  • Regarding the issue of space, the total construction area should not exceed 250 square meters on two floors as a maximum.

  • The minimum distance from the regulatory boundaries of the sectors, and the adjacent roads, shall be 5 meters.

  • Finally, approval is granted to build in unorganized areas in cases of summer houses designated for families, or for tourist and recreational facilities, which fulfill the above-mentioned conditions.

What is the building system in Turkey?

There are many building systems for real estate in Turkey and the materials that can be used vary from one system to another. The reinforced concrete building system is the most prevalent in Turkey, in addition to the steel frame system, stone brick building system, and wooden houses.

The construction method used within each plot of land in Turkey is determined based on a set of documents issued by the municipality and includes the appropriate method for building on it. A building permit must be obtained for this land, which includes the type of property that will be built on the land, whether is it residential or commercial, and other information.

How are building permits obtained in Turkey?

To obtain any building permit in Turkey, you must first prepare the architectural plan for the building and then obtain approval from the construction units in the municipality in addition to securing a set of documents, namely

  1. Application for a license.

  2. Title deed.

  3. Building information form.

  4. Architectural status (required by the municipality in whose administrative boundaries the building is located).

  5. Status document (showing the boundaries of the sectors, and obtained from the cadastral survey directorates).

  6. Architectural plan (certified by the Architects’ Chamber) in addition to the Architects Chamber’s record document.

  7. Reinforced concrete plan (certified by the Chamber of Architects)

  8. Structural Engineers Chamber Record Document with Soil Study Report.

  9. The electricity wiring scheme, in addition to the sanitary wiring scheme (to be certified by the room).

  10. Chamber of electrical engineers record document.

  11. Mechanical Engineers Chamber Record Document.

  12. Responsible for implementing the scheme and its papers.

  13. Documents related to the building contractor, where the construction is undertaken by an authorized building contractor.

  14. The documents of the building control company, and the building control contract with a bank receipt indicating that 20% of the building control company’s fee has been deposited into its account.

  15. Construction Supervisor Contract.

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